Article 4: Legislative Branch (Magless)

1. The Magless of Iran shall consist of a Senate and Assembly of Citizens, and shall have the power to enforce the articles of the Constitution by appropriate legislation. The Magless shall have power to dispose of and make all needful laws, rules and regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to Iran. They shall have power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the debts, to declare the power of eminent domain, to declare war and to provide for the common defense and general welfare of Iran; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout Iran.
2. All members of Magless shall be freely elected and any citizen of Iran, who has been a citizen of Iran for more than ten years; who is over the age of 25; who is a resident of the Province and district in which the person shall be chosen; and who can gather over 1,000 signatures from registered voters in there province and district for the Assembly of Citizens; or 10,000 signatures from registers voters in their province for the Senate; may be a candidate for Magless. The Senators of Iran shall be composed of two Senators from each Province, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The representatives of the Assembly of Citizens shall be composed of one Citizen from each district, elected by the people thereof, for four years; and each representative shall have one vote. When vacancies happen in the representation of any Province in the Senate or Assembly of Citizens, the executive authority of such Province shall call new elections to fill such vacancies and the executive thereof can make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election. No Citizen shall be permitted to be a member of both the Senate and Assembly of Citizens simultaneously. Determination of designated districts for the Assembly of Citizens must be made by a majority of the Senate.
3. The Assembly of Citizens shall have the Power of Impeachment and The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachment. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the Prime Minister of Iran is tried, the Chief Justice of the judiciary shall preside: and no Person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the laws of Iran.
4. The Magless shall assemble every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the third Saturday of the New Year, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. The terms of Senators and Representatives end at noon on the last Thursday of the year in which such terms would have ended. The Assembly of Citizens and Senate shall choose their Speaker and other Officers. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent Members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of three-fourths, expel a member. Neither House, during the Session of Magless, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. The testimony, votes and proceedings of the members of either House on any question shall be recorded and published. Proceedings may be held in secret only for matters of national security upon the approval of fifty one percent of both houses of Magless.
5. Members of both Houses shall receive appropriate annual compensation; and no law varying the compensation, for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until two-thirds of both houses concur. In the event of a modification of the said remuneration, for every member, such modification may not take effect until after the next election.
6. All members of Magless shall in all cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House.
7. Every bill which shall have passed the Assembly of Citizens and the Senate, shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the Prime Minister of Iran. If the Prime Minister approves, the Prime Minister shall sign it, but if not the Prime Minister shall return it, with the Prime Minister's objections to that House in which it shall have originated. If after reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by electronic tabulation, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be recorded in the log of each House respectively.
8. The Magless shall pass no bill of attainder or ex post facto law.


What does this mean? "The Magless shall pass no bill of attainder or ex post facto law."

By Anonymous (not verified)