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Article 1: General Principles

1. The Democratic Nation of Iran (Iran) is a free, independent, indivisible and inalienable nation. Its form of government shall be democratic and set forth in the forthcoming articles of this Constitution.
2. This Constitution and the Laws of Iran which shall be made in pursuance thereof and all treaties made, or which shall be made under the authority of Iran, shall be the supreme law of the land; and all citizens, and all visitors of both Iran or any of it’s provinces shall be bound thereby, and no article in the Constitution or Laws of any Province to the Contrary are permissible.
3. The Citizens of Iran are the sovereign; they are the highest form of political authority.
4. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the provinces. The powers not delegated to the government by the Constitution are reserved to the people of each province.
5. The official flag of Iran shall be composed of green, white, and red.
6. The official language and script of Iran, the lingua franca of its people, is Persian.