You are here

Article 6: The Judiciary Branch

1. The judicial power of Iran shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as the Magless may from time to time ordain and establish.
2. The judges, both of the Supreme Court and inferior courts, shall hold their offices for life, and may be re-called only by the Citizens of Iran or impeached as set forth in this Constitution, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
3. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of Iran, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; to all cases of maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which Iran shall be a party; to controversies between two or more Provinces; between a Province and citizens of another Province; between citizens of different Provinces; between citizens of the same Province claiming lands under grants of different Provinces, and between a Province, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.
4. In all cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a Province shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Magless shall make.
5. Trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the Province where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any Province, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Magless may by law have directed.
6. Treason against Iran shall consist only in levying war against Iran, or in adhering to the enemies of Iran, giving them aid and comfort. No Person shall be convicted of treason unless upon substantial material evidence, or, testimony of two or more witnesses to the same act, or on confession in open court.